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SPOTIFY

date global es ar mx cl pe py uy bo ec co gt ve cr sv pa hn do ni
Total 282,453,886 78,719,372 75,677,632 31,946,170 25,466,669 20,279,744 5,430,910 5,398,695 4,096,285 4,002,898 3,962,002 2,426,475 1,525,819 1,424,785 975,353 748,783 476,335 425,357 302,213
Peak 49 (13,527,144) 8 (3,136,653) 4 (3,540,298) 67 (2,344,178) 14 (1,294,860) 14 (690,799) 23 (203,382) 5 (253,279) 15 (144,592) 36 (174,348) 73 (319,731) 54 (153,075) 24 (72,658) 54 (74,356) 53 (62,322) 48 (43,308) 69 (37,635) 84 (37,718) 63 (23,164)
2023/02/16 -- -- 72 (583,489) -- -- -- -- 65 (47,455) -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- --
2023/02/23 122 (8,802,704) 39 (1,267,746) 5 (3,168,388) 185 (1,116,595) 45 (719,971) 32 (391,171) 49 (99,861) 5 (234,278) 38 (69,137) 78 (90,384) 200 (160,371) 123 (80,189) 70 (32,791) 164 (36,987) 200 (26,211) 134 (17,987) -- -- --
2023/03/02 80 (10,622,722) 16 (2,173,250) 4 (3,453,665) 178 (1,211,865) 33 (947,497) 24 (532,179) 35 (157,330) 5 (253,279) 18 (123,424) 57 (124,479) 131 (221,457) 107 (91,626) 35 (54,745) 135 (44,361) 149 (32,976) 91 (25,564) 195 (21,180) 195 (22,162) --
2023/03/09 62 (12,312,468) 10 (2,733,802) 4 (3,540,298) 121 (1,548,713) 20 (1,157,911) 15 (663,656) 35 (170,500) 5 (247,755) 17 (138,271) 37 (155,022) 88 (277,018) 76 (120,441) 27 (66,291) 78 (60,394) 88 (44,666) 54 (35,274) 123 (28,017) 113 (30,489) 114 (16,583)
2023/03/16 49 (13,527,144) 8 (3,136,653) 4 (3,382,652) 80 (2,128,875) 14 (1,294,860) 16 (686,306) 23 (203,382) 5 (233,757) 16 (144,592) 36 (169,652) 73 (319,731) 54 (153,075) 24 (71,766) 62 (74,116) 53 (62,322) 50 (40,918) 69 (37,635) 84 (36,089) 63 (22,677)
2023/03/23 54 (13,028,391) 8 (2,942,527) 7 (3,030,162) 67 (2,325,585) 14 (1,273,757) 14 (690,181) 26 (193,789) 7 (203,742) 15 (131,722) 37 (168,013) 95 (308,050) 64 (142,355) 36 (70,423) 77 (74,089) 67 (58,516) 63 (38,479) 93 (34,844) 92 (36,321) 87 (22,303)
2023/03/30 55 (13,181,082) 10 (3,125,990) 6 (3,008,296) 69 (2,344,178) 17 (1,235,662) 14 (690,799) 23 (191,069) 8 (197,409) 17 (133,320) 39 (174,348) 86 (298,578) 65 (146,664) 26 (72,658) 59 (74,356) 64 (61,116) 50 (40,997) 79 (35,951) 92 (37,718) 73 (23,164)
2023/04/06 60 (12,973,322) 10 (3,111,834) 7 (2,972,398) 72 (2,310,649) 20 (1,159,748) 15 (661,859) 24 (186,947) 8 (185,615) 15 (132,688) 37 (168,844) 81 (292,634) 69 (142,216) 27 (68,166) 56 (71,439) 69 (59,159) 48 (43,308) 87 (35,846) 91 (37,319) 79 (22,570)
2023/04/13 62 (11,872,878) 9 (2,862,692) 9 (2,819,002) 73 (1,977,971) 24 (1,027,566) 15 (617,296) 24 (174,866) 11 (167,126) 22 (123,922) 36 (166,108) 87 (262,013) 71 (124,959) 30 (64,335) 54 (64,251) 67 (52,430) 49 (39,186) 81 (32,617) 84 (33,063) 74 (19,803)
2023/04/20 74 (11,196,467) 12 (2,657,024) 10 (2,451,417) 75 (2,074,357) 29 (952,756) 18 (586,974) 30 (171,968) 12 (151,441) 25 (114,476) 43 (151,396) 103 (253,049) 75 (128,323) 36 (59,462) 64 (64,250) 74 (51,367) 55 (35,779) 97 (31,098) 106 (31,096) 90 (19,336)
2023/04/27 76 (10,920,734) 14 (2,447,537) 13 (2,352,377) 72 (2,095,629) 30 (943,006) 17 (596,074) 33 (177,103) 13 (148,836) 26 (117,839) 44 (154,659) 113 (246,152) 76 (130,549) 36 (55,596) 68 (65,544) 76 (52,950) 59 (33,589) 101 (31,591) 115 (30,054) 92 (20,313)
2023/05/04 94 (10,153,672) 13 (2,361,729) 15 (2,156,826) 83 (1,907,038) 35 (846,777) 17 (548,003) 33 (174,817) 16 (144,754) 23 (113,465) 45 (155,156) 128 (221,709) 82 (120,094) 43 (52,535) 79 (60,105) 76 (47,603) 69 (30,851) 114 (28,795) 135 (27,897) 107 (19,160)
2023/05/11 104 (9,816,423) 14 (2,292,693) 17 (1,971,009) 92 (1,820,125) 40 (855,838) 20 (545,425) 32 (167,972) 17 (130,110) 27 (112,406) 45 (157,583) 125 (231,603) 86 (117,315) 43 (53,799) 81 (59,824) 79 (47,527) 68 (31,493) 126 (28,277) 137 (27,050) 117 (18,493)
2023/05/18 113 (9,702,390) 18 (2,148,743) 19 (2,004,124) 96 (1,804,998) 37 (860,349) 17 (541,302) 32 (180,062) 17 (144,909) 28 (117,633) 46 (159,076) 123 (238,090) 86 (117,354) 41 (54,223) 70 (62,653) 81 (47,105) 62 (33,654) 121 (28,403) 155 (26,512) 114 (18,571)
2023/05/25 139 (9,068,074) 23 (1,962,113) 24 (1,823,909) 104 (1,747,751) 38 (793,201) 23 (504,829) 34 (167,680) 19 (131,702) 26 (113,606) 52 (149,155) 133 (224,247) 92 (114,530) 46 (51,471) 81 (59,617) 84 (46,285) 65 (31,173) 131 (27,605) 184 (24,775) 127 (18,076)
2023/06/01 151 (8,561,608) 21 (1,902,988) 25 (1,630,795) 117 (1,649,159) 42 (737,612) 28 (483,927) 39 (159,954) 22 (121,333) 31 (102,446) 56 (133,166) 143 (215,966) 96 (109,350) 49 (49,861) 87 (56,705) 93 (43,354) 71 (29,581) 135 (26,980) 190 (24,812) 136 (16,907)
2023/06/08 179 (8,154,551) 21 (1,935,113) 27 (1,544,479) 125 (1,528,595) 54 (624,886) 26 (474,531) 40 (164,609) 26 (112,249) 31 (100,388) 60 (128,002) 184 (191,334) 107 (102,724) 53 (47,308) 99 (52,683) 110 (40,271) 92 (26,616) 160 (24,717) -- 144 (15,690)
2023/06/15 -- 26 (1,843,282) 28 (1,353,417) 184 (1,216,705) 59 (551,424) 29 (445,292) 43 (129,754) 34 (89,064) 38 (87,843) 64 (121,361) -- 121 (94,550) 60 (43,216) 116 (49,292) 129 (38,035) 102 (24,737) 194 (22,779) -- 163 (14,900)
2023/06/22 -- 27 (1,856,084) 30 (1,314,678) 198 (1,137,382) 63 (519,043) 28 (420,884) 44 (132,559) 34 (85,664) 39 (86,712) 70 (114,384) -- 125 (89,539) 63 (40,513) 116 (47,740) 141 (35,757) 111 (24,835) -- -- 200 (13,667)
2023/06/29 -- 32 (1,756,256) 41 (1,245,715) -- 78 (454,958) 31 (391,526) 48 (141,612) 44 (78,991) 42 (81,631) 84 (105,079) -- 174 (73,947) 74 (38,265) 130 (45,890) 169 (31,924) 133 (21,894) -- -- --
2023/07/06 -- 33 (1,805,441) 32 (1,333,500) -- 78 (484,483) 36 (396,023) 45 (147,712) 38 (88,065) 42 (84,571) 88 (104,903) -- 189 (75,132) 90 (37,419) 153 (45,146) 180 (32,975) 156 (21,708) -- -- --
2023/07/13 -- 37 (1,804,837) 41 (1,209,564) -- 83 (446,756) 36 (378,036) 51 (114,729) 45 (78,434) 50 (73,141) 84 (102,369) -- 181 (75,046) 82 (37,732) 159 (43,100) 186 (31,173) 158 (20,855) -- -- --
2023/07/20 -- 36 (1,702,297) 39 (1,271,227) -- 81 (448,334) 39 (374,203) 54 (89,929) 44 (76,846) 53 (63,202) 89 (99,065) -- 184 (76,497) 75 (38,311) 140 (45,294) 189 (31,631) 142 (21,253) -- -- --
2023/07/27 -- 43 (1,529,138) 42 (1,193,600) -- 88 (417,281) 42 (357,603) 57 (91,442) 46 (74,945) 53 (63,282) 92 (93,269) -- -- 83 (35,670) 167 (41,716) -- 160 (19,751) -- -- --
2023/08/03 -- 37 (1,553,339) 41 (1,203,694) -- 78 (471,406) 43 (339,271) 56 (94,009) 49 (77,859) 59 (62,743) 101 (91,324) -- -- 74 (35,663) 159 (44,387) -- 161 (19,900) -- -- --
2023/08/10 -- 42 (1,431,038) 45 (1,133,332) -- 85 (430,939) 44 (347,030) 59 (87,424) 47 (71,536) 61 (58,569) 103 (88,156) -- -- 81 (34,766) 166 (41,836) -- 162 (19,567) -- -- --
2023/08/17 -- 45 (1,353,202) 44 (1,058,085) -- 97 (411,812) 49 (342,842) 61 (88,069) 45 (70,947) 68 (58,450) 119 (84,472) -- -- 109 (30,726) 197 (39,010) -- 162 (19,834) -- -- --
2023/08/24 -- 49 (1,258,968) 57 (750,261) -- 105 (347,753) 49 (332,837) 65 (77,633) 58 (55,300) 74 (53,071) 147 (76,011) -- -- 134 (27,011) -- -- -- -- -- --
2023/08/31 -- 54 (1,178,371) 58 (706,730) -- 107 (369,796) 53 (307,406) 69 (71,492) 60 (51,304) 79 (52,255) 180 (75,362) -- -- 155 (26,527) -- -- -- -- -- --
2023/09/07 -- 55 (1,055,028) 60 (677,145) -- 109 (343,127) 53 (300,013) 75 (67,495) 63 (50,628) 78 (51,716) 163 (76,262) -- -- 151 (25,784) -- -- -- -- -- --
2023/09/14 -- 53 (1,046,594) 60 (705,268) -- 115 (334,387) 55 (292,359) 68 (68,887) 60 (52,699) 77 (51,469) 154 (75,233) -- -- 164 (24,873) -- -- -- -- -- --
2023/09/21 -- 52 (1,024,818) 64 (665,108) -- 187 (280,664) 63 (282,209) 72 (70,557) 62 (51,008) 81 (49,018) 192 (70,261) -- -- 182 (23,614) -- -- -- -- -- --
2023/09/28 -- 90 (702,108) 70 (628,308) -- 134 (310,458) 85 (230,917) 104 (53,536) 68 (47,156) 93 (45,243) 195 (70,397) -- -- 194 (23,291) -- -- -- -- -- --
2023/10/05 -- 89 (708,087) 60 (667,119) -- 132 (333,388) 81 (246,145) 98 (55,800) 71 (50,709) 76 (51,421) 183 (73,512) -- -- 185 (24,653) -- -- -- -- -- --
2023/10/12 -- 93 (665,037) 73 (649,758) -- 143 (314,335) 88 (231,767) 113 (51,381) 76 (48,881) 93 (48,214) -- -- -- 200 (24,135) -- -- -- -- -- --
2023/10/19 -- 113 (587,221) 92 (614,596) -- 166 (305,413) 107 (222,720) 136 (51,738) 91 (47,248) 113 (46,390) -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- --
2023/10/26 -- 124 (535,160) 85 (553,710) -- 183 (277,974) 115 (205,392) 145 (46,718) 83 (42,575) 112 (43,171) -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- --
2023/11/02 -- 123 (542,753) 92 (517,424) -- -- 123 (189,332) 153 (41,619) 87 (40,539) 120 (40,022) -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- --
2023/11/09 -- 121 (522,522) 95 (534,737) -- 200 (263,972) 132 (187,544) 159 (41,875) 87 (42,549) 137 (38,861) -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- --
2023/11/16 -- 129 (504,570) 105 (508,938) -- -- 135 (186,553) 167 (40,443) 94 (39,248) 133 (38,785) -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- --
2023/11/23 -- 118 (521,124) 93 (522,495) -- -- 124 (190,611) 168 (40,832) 81 (42,768) 129 (37,771) -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- --
2023/11/30 -- 108 (529,480) 84 (559,812) -- 190 (277,379) 112 (201,603) 154 (42,119) 82 (45,700) 127 (38,445) -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- --
2023/12/07 -- 105 (592,495) 81 (602,842) -- 166 (311,551) 94 (228,499) 132 (46,388) 76 (45,701) 106 (43,319) -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- --
2023/12/14 -- 103 (528,864) 80 (604,021) -- 169 (291,630) 96 (214,141) 126 (47,929) 80 (48,434) 100 (44,072) -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- --
2023/12/21 -- 128 (500,399) 92 (505,512) -- 196 (269,083) 121 (193,076) 158 (43,920) 93 (42,094) 124 (38,002) -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- --
2023/12/28 -- 134 (475,564) 106 (568,388) -- -- 149 (172,348) 174 (43,540) 92 (48,606) 127 (37,751) -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- --
2024/01/04 -- 96 (533,757) 104 (563,473) -- 195 (270,183) 157 (172,784) 185 (42,650) 97 (48,044) 129 (36,131) -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- --
2024/01/11 -- 120 (451,637) 115 (476,021) -- 193 (254,454) 149 (173,017) 176 (39,883) 101 (41,817) 145 (35,222) -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- --
2024/01/18 -- 144 (449,736) 124 (460,427) -- -- 167 (165,399) 192 (38,677) 117 (38,296) 154 (34,115) -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- --
2024/01/25 -- 160 (455,376) 137 (447,726) -- -- 163 (168,655) 195 (38,202) 121 (36,155) 164 (31,971) -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- --
2024/02/01 -- 160 (467,808) 134 (437,607) -- -- 162 (166,999) 196 (36,901) 122 (35,943) 157 (32,226) -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- --
2024/02/08 -- 155 (464,911) 133 (423,871) -- -- 161 (165,915) 183 (37,532) 124 (34,995) 148 (33,991) -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- --
2024/02/15 -- 156 (439,197) 155 (375,613) -- -- 182 (154,690) 195 (34,391) 136 (31,614) 179 (28,617) -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- --
2024/02/22 -- 175 (440,280) 150 (393,841) -- -- 180 (160,068) -- 124 (32,782) 170 (33,692) -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- --
2024/02/29 -- 153 (458,598) 120 (411,221) -- -- 132 (181,164) 153 (37,652) 112 (33,522) 135 (38,263) -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- --
2024/03/07 -- 157 (455,345) 135 (389,481) -- -- 160 (171,979) 181 (35,407) 120 (30,828) 155 (36,853) -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- --
2024/03/14 -- 177 (425,244) 159 (342,615) -- -- 196 (153,458) -- 137 (27,202) 195 (31,836) -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- --
2024/03/21 -- 187 (418,283) 177 (332,610) -- -- -- -- 160 (25,845) -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- --
2024/03/28 -- 192 (417,853) 182 (359,215) -- -- -- -- 152 (27,966) -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- --
2024/04/04 -- 197 (390,703) 155 (344,667) -- -- -- -- 145 (27,041) -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- --
2024/04/11 -- 181 (443,811) 143 (370,264) -- -- -- -- 140 (30,383) -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- --
2024/04/18 -- 196 (444,021) 156 (360,835) -- -- -- -- 137 (29,842) -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- --
2024/04/25 -- -- 193 (348,157) -- -- -- -- 171 (28,048) -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- --
2024/05/02 -- -- 139 (423,465) -- -- 179 (162,939) 181 (37,846) 114 (33,082) 157 (36,176) -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- --
2024/05/09 -- 132 (553,204) 75 (557,418) -- -- 110 (209,440) 96 (49,060) 61 (45,077) 84 (49,358) -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- --
2024/05/16 -- 104 (623,552) 61 (618,101) -- 191 (243,289) 100 (222,121) 84 (47,724) 55 (49,425) 74 (51,956) 196 (76,435) -- -- 188 (28,220) -- -- -- -- -- --
2024/05/23 -- 116 (587,174) 72 (580,015) -- -- 92 (216,015) 90 (46,835) 67 (45,937) 79 (49,693) -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- --
2024/05/30 -- 106 (622,371) 77 (535,660) -- -- 104 (212,407) 94 (45,100) 64 (42,865) 88 (45,646) -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- --
2024/06/06 -- -- 162 (373,059) -- -- -- -- 147 (28,381) 200 (32,064) -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- --
2024/06/13 -- -- -- -- -- -- -- 180 (27,472) -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- --
2024/06/20 -- -- -- -- -- -- -- 196 (24,885) -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- --
undefined undefined undefined undefined undefined undefined undefined undefined undefined undefined undefined undefined undefined undefined undefined undefined undefined undefined undefined undefined
Total 280,820,882 78,564,994 75,107,439 30,755,714 25,436,458 20,188,731 5,387,559 5,367,212 4,079,357 4,012,344 3,879,097 2,462,168 1,509,750 1,411,384 966,324 751,629 468,312 396,743 296,542
Peak 41 (2,169,309) 6 (507,222) 3 (606,682) 60 (364,727) 12 (202,302) 13 (106,223) 3 (41,241) 21 (35,724) 12 (23,398) 33 (27,554) 62 (48,497) 51 (23,429) 19 (11,542) 52 (11,917) 48 (9,666) 44 (6,619) 61 (5,774) 69 (5,931) 56 (3,691)
2024/05/18 -- 108 (92,026) 72 (92,130) -- -- 96 (31,916) 70 (7,139) 96 (6,572) 76 (7,112) -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- --
2024/05/19 -- 98 (77,481) 71 (78,812) -- -- 96 (27,891) 58 (6,528) 99 (6,003) 75 (6,278) 187 (10,633) -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- --
2024/05/20 -- 141 (73,420) 68 (78,883) -- -- 93 (30,098) 66 (6,370) 93 (6,332) 80 (6,900) 190 (10,621) -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- --
2024/05/21 -- 124 (78,037) 70 (80,290) -- -- 94 (30,890) 71 (6,132) 89 (7,139) 76 (7,373) 198 (10,953) -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- --
2024/05/22 -- 115 (81,456) 79 (76,599) -- -- 104 (30,401) 68 (6,019) 89 (7,462) 84 (7,097) -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- --
2024/05/23 -- 102 (90,032) 74 (79,102) -- -- 103 (30,977) 67 (6,122) 103 (6,746) 79 (7,361) -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- --
2024/05/24 -- 93 (101,274) 77 (86,181) -- -- 100 (32,116) 64 (6,744) 94 (7,065) 84 (7,507) -- -- -- 182 (4,600) -- -- -- -- -- --
2024/05/25 -- 95 (96,009) 70 (82,732) -- 191 (32,954) 99 (31,783) 61 (7,076) 89 (7,131) 109 (6,902) -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- --
2024/05/26 -- 102 (78,470) 76 (66,562) -- -- 114 (26,260) 71 (5,628) 127 (5,280) 91 (5,819) -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- --
2024/05/27 -- 108 (82,434) 86 (68,589) -- -- 119 (28,312) 71 (5,144) 102 (5,725) 107 (5,851) -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- --
2024/05/28 -- 117 (82,230) 95 (67,712) -- -- 128 (28,825) 84 (5,386) 114 (5,821) 102 (5,938) -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- --
2024/05/29 -- 120 (88,823) 77 (77,184) -- -- 101 (31,299) 64 (6,202) 91 (6,514) 86 (6,799) -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- --
2024/05/30 -- 95 (93,131) 70 (86,700) -- 196 (36,799) 87 (33,812) 61 (6,685) 73 (7,564) 75 (6,830) 199 (11,690) -- -- 166 (4,441) -- -- -- -- -- --
2024/05/31 -- 113 (94,006) 74 (92,159) -- -- 103 (31,396) 66 (6,968) 88 (7,848) 80 (7,467) -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- --
2024/06/01 -- -- -- -- -- -- 194 (3,611) -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- --
2024/06/03 -- -- -- -- -- -- 169 (3,551) -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- --
2024/06/04 -- -- 184 (47,947) -- -- -- 161 (3,785) -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- --
2024/06/05 -- -- 187 (49,885) -- -- -- 161 (3,772) -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- --
2024/06/06 -- -- -- -- -- -- 179 (3,879) -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- --
2024/06/07 -- -- -- -- -- -- 192 (3,994) -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- --
2024/06/08 -- -- 197 (56,132) -- -- -- 166 (4,525) -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- --
2024/06/09 -- -- -- -- -- -- 177 (3,664) -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- --
2024/06/10 -- -- -- -- -- -- 174 (3,836) -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- --
2024/06/11 -- -- -- -- -- -- 186 (3,694) -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- --
2024/06/12 -- -- -- -- -- -- 200 (3,636) -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- --
2024/06/13 -- -- -- -- -- -- 178 (4,123) -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- --
2024/06/14 -- -- -- -- -- -- 192 (3,979) -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- --
2024/06/15 -- -- -- -- -- -- 172 (4,267) -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- --
2024/06/26 -- -- -- -- -- -- 197 (3,360) -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- --
2024/07/05 -- -- -- -- -- -- 195 (3,468) -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- --
2024/07/06 -- -- -- -- -- -- 198 (3,371) -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- --